Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Oral Care Strategies to Prevent Gum Disease

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is classified in different stages. In the beginning, the disease begins as gingivitis. Gingivitis involves inflammation of the gums and a tendency to bleed when brushed or flossed. The individual will not feel discomfort at this stage, but when gingivitis goes untreated and escalates, it will bring on periodontitis.

Periodontitis is an escalated, more serious form of gingivitis. As the plaque buildup worsens, it reaches below the gum line and allows bacteria to grow close to the teeth's roots. In response to the bacterial presence, the immune system attacks the bone and tissues, causing severe inflammation and making the gums recede and separate from the teeth. Teeth may become so loose they require removal.

Risk Factors

Anyone who uses tobacco is at a higher risk of disease development. Additional risk factors include pregnancy, diabetes and high stress. Those who clench their jaw and grind their teeth may be more susceptible to the disease.

Gum Disease Treatment

The initial signs of gingivitis include overly red or swollen gums, consistent sour breath or reappearing mouth sores. When dentists identify gum disease at any stage, they will immediately perform a deep-cleaning treatment known as scaling to remove bacteria located below the gums. Either through a process called root planing or through laser treatment, the dentist will thoroughly clean each surface of every affected tooth.

Dietary Habits

The most detrimental substance for those suffering from the disease is sugar. Plaque composed of sugar coats the teeth to create an acidic environment that encourages bacteria growth. Additionally, a high amount of sugar in the diet will decrease the immune system's efficiency.

Alcohol consumption raises the risk of disease development. Plaque grows faster when the mouth is dehydrated, one of the main side effects of excessive alcohol consumption. Alcohol also lowers the level of B vitamins, resulting in a suppressed immune system and stalled regeneration of bone and tissue in the mouth.

Vitamins C, D, and A are all imperative diet staples to ward off gum disease. Those who wish to strengthen their mouth's defenses should consume a balanced diet designed for whole-body optimal health. Fish, fruits, vegetables, whole grains and nuts are recommended. Alcohol, sugar, fats and carbohydrates should be avoided.

Regular Oral Care

While certain people may have genetic predisposition to the disease, regular care and cleaning can maintain a healthy mouth. Purchase fluoride toothpaste and brush thoroughly twice per day. Floss between all teeth at least once per day. Use a plaque-fighting mouthwash after both morning and evening tooth care.

Ultimately, oral health must be an important priority for every individual. Schedule regular appointments with your trusted dentist for early detection and intervention and to prevent gum disease.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jen_Stott

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